By Suzanne Stern-Gillet, SJ, Gary M. Gurtler
Charts the phases of the heritage of friendship as a philosophical notion within the Western global.
concentrating on Plato and Aristotle, the Stoics and Epicureans, and early Christian and Medieval assets, Ancient and Medieval options of Friendship brings jointly tests of other philosophical bills of friendship. This quantity sketches the evolution of the inspiration from historic beliefs of friendship making use of strictly to relationships among males of excessive social place to Christian recommendations that deal with friendship as acceptable to all yet are involved mainly with the soul’s relation to God—and that ascribe a secondary prestige to human relationships. The booklet concludes with essays reading how this advanced historical past was once bought in the course of the Enlightenment, having a look specifically to Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Hölderlin
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Extra info for Ancient and Medieval Concepts of Friendship
42. On the relevant passages, see Morrow 1960, 561–62, Bobonich 2002, 427–28, and Schofield 2013. 43. On this passage, see Schofield 2013, 286–88. 44. , Leg. 3, 701d with Leg. 5, 743c. 45. Bobonich 2002, 427. My analysis of civic friendship is much indebted to Bobonich’s treatment of other-regarding concerns in the Laws: see Bobonich 2002, 418–36. Philia in Plato 31 46. “Social”: for example common meals or, one might add, symposia. On common meals in the Laws, see Morrow 1960, 389–98. On the relation between symposia and friendship, see Leg.
London: Penguin. ———. 2012. Plato. Republic. Translated with introduction and notes. London: Penguin. Schofield, M. 1998. ” In P. Cartledge, P. Millet, and S. Von Reden, eds, Kosmos: Essays in Order, Conflict and Community in Classical Athens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 37–51. Schofield, M. 2007. ” In G. R. F. , The Cambridge Companion to Plato’s Republic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 138–164. ———. 2013. ” In G. Boys-Stones, D. El Murr, and C. Gill, The Platonic Art of Philosophy.
On friendship between guards and producers, see Resp. 8, 547b7–c4 with El Murr 2012, 599–602. 57. In the Politics 1262b4–24,, Aristotle famously expressed doubts about the very possibility of a bond of philia between guards, arguing that their friendship is necessarily “watery” (cf. 1262b15–16) since they have no reason to care for one another. I think a response to Aristotle’s criticisms is not out of reach, provided we take into account the long process of affective and social maturation to which guards are subjected during their education, and provided we see how this process aims at fostering other-regarding concern in each guard.
Ancient and Medieval Concepts of Friendship by Suzanne Stern-Gillet, SJ, Gary M. Gurtler