By Gloria La Cava, Raffaella Nanetti
In the course of Albania's transition from a centralized economic system to 1 anchored in a physique of Western legislation, deep social unrest, common poverty, out of control migration, and the reemergence of clan-based loyalties have ended in a rise within the such a lot susceptible inhabitants teams. those teams usually tend to be marginalized by way of the commercial cycle, hence making it more challenging to make sure asuccessful transition. One goal of the research is to spot key rising social matters and difficulties in Albania and make certain their explanations. even though, the most function of this record is to suggest a brief- to medium-term motion technique to advisor and fasten social coverage and information projects exact to the weak teams in parts the place they're such a lot a variety of, via a bottom-up process.
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Additional resources for Albania: filling the vulnerability gap, Volumes 23-460
Albania, a net exporter of marijuana, is also becoming a crossroads for heroin trafficking (from Turkey and Colombia to Eastern and Western Europe). While there are at present some 30,000 estimated drug users in Albania (some 10,000 in Tirana alone), the size of this group is likely to increase, according to non-governmental and press sources, since: (a) youth involved in drug pushing and the drug trade are statistically at risk of addiction, and (b) low-quality cannabis for the domestic market and Turkish heroin produced for the Albanian market are consumed by some of the young urban elite, who see drug consumption as a status symbol.
Most respondents said that their priority needs are improved employment opportunities, credit for small businesses, improved infrastructure, better social services, and greater security. Respondents place their hope in foreign grants to build infrastructure and finance development projects, but are concerned by corruption and the misuse of the funds at the central and local levels. Overall, 60% of respondents said they feel uncertainty and confusion, while only 30% were optimistic about the future.
The policy report outlines a regionally diversified strategy to strengthen community cohesion and institutions to address the needs of vulnerable groups. KEVIN CLEAVER DIRECTOR, ECSSD EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA REGION Preface The Albanian population has always been vulnerable to the problems of poverty and isolation from the outside world, particularly in rural areas. However, the country's strong traditional social structure compensated for these problems by protecting families and individuals through kinship networks.
Albania: filling the vulnerability gap, Volumes 23-460 by Gloria La Cava, Raffaella Nanetti