By Norma Romm
During this publication i've got focused on drawing consciousness to numerous conceptions of responsibility that would be dropped at undergo in judging the perform of social study. a lot of the publication is geared up round making specific the assumptions that impression what counts as “proper” examine in society, together with assumptions approximately how social inquirers may be held in charge. My concentration is on reviewing discourses round the perform of “professional” inquiry, for you to reconsidering the best way humans create expectancies for liable social inquiry. My concentration hereon is expounded to my drawback that the style during which judgments approximately researchers’ responsibility are made, isn't with out social outcomes for our approach to life in society. i've got approached the problems via starting with a dialogue of tenets of the location known as “positivism” (so named via convinced proponents), and by way of contemplating the view on responsibility that's implied through adherence to those tenets. in brief expressed, positivist argumentation means that researchers are required to “do technological know-how” in a way that warrants their being thought of, certainly, scientists. i exploit my dialogue of responsibility as visible inside of positivist argumentation to explicate ways that replacement positions have arisen as methods of treating responsibility matters. via my means of evaluating a number of the positions, i'm hoping to supply a few indication of the complexity ofethical and responsibility concerns in social inquiry.
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Additional info for Accountability in social research: issues and debates
But extrapolating from Hammersley and Gomm’s argument about the way the accountability system should properly operate in the scientific community, it seems that they would caution against trying to practice science in the way scientific realism proposes. They would caution that judgments about what is and what is not reasonable behavior in pursuit of knowledge of the unobservable entities that are posited to exist, might become made in an arbitrary manner. The appeal to a “logic” such as retroductive logic, seems to provide insufficient means to guide scientists in their assessments of whether unreasonable leaps of logic are being made.
Hammersley and Gomm aver that feminists (as others adopting some kind of “radical” epistemology) often vacillate between on the one hand propounding a standpoint epistemology and on the other propounding a relativist position. In adopting 32 Chapter 2 a standpoint argument, feminists propose that a particular standpoint, such as gender positioning, offers a potential source of knowledge-production. 5). Hammersley and Gomm’s critique of the feminist idea that the adoption of a particular standpoint (some social position or some value position) affords the best chance of generating knowledge, is that it becomes difficult for others to contest the proposed claims to knowledge.
Swingewood notes that while Comte at one point created a (speculative) view of the progression of history, he later increasingly abandoned this conception (1984, p. 50). A philosophy of history was seen as having no place in a view of science as developing knowledge of specific conditions and their effects. Popper likewise points out that the making of unconditional prophesies is anathema to the concept of prediction, which is based on specifying the conditions under which outcomes can be expected to occur (1961, pp.
Accountability in social research: issues and debates by Norma Romm