William M. Schniedewind's A Primer on Ugaritic: Language, Culture and Literature PDF

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By William M. Schniedewind

ISBN-10: 0521879337

ISBN-13: 9780521879330

A Primer on Ugaritic is an advent to the language of the traditional urban of Ugarit, a urban that flourished within the moment millennium BCE at the Lebanese coast, positioned within the context of the tradition, literature, and faith of this historical Semitic tradition. The Ugaritic language and literature used to be a precursor to Canaanite and serves as one among our most vital assets for knowing the outdated testomony and the Hebrew language. distinct emphasis is put on contextualization of the Ugartic language and comparability to historic Hebrew in addition to Akkadian.

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Extra resources for A Primer on Ugaritic: Language, Culture and Literature

Example text

Ancient Ugarit 29 related to the Hebrew word. Amos would not have been a simple shepherd then, but one who managed shepherds and their herds. Another example of how Ugaritic can aid our understanding of the Hebrew lexicon is the word rzo , which is usually translated as “help”; however, the meaning of the cognate Ugaritic word gízr, “young man,” makes more sense in Psalm 89:20. The Ugaritic lexicon can also have text-critical implications in the study of the Hebrew Bible. ” Scholars have pondered the meaning of this expression in its context.

It has filled in the context to the Old Testament and enhanced our knowledge of Hebrew as it was understood in Iron Age Israel. 26 See Y. Avishur, Studies in Hebrew and Ugaritic Psalms (Jerusalem, 1994). 1 INTRODUCING THE ALPHABET The Ugaritic language is written in alphabetic cuneiform. This was an innovative blending of an alphabetic script (like Hebrew) and cuneiform (like Akkadian). The development of alphabetic cuneiform seems to reflect a decline in the use of Akkadian as a lingua franca and a transition to alphabetic scripts in the eastern Mediterranean.

E. 17, I 23–24, ltbrknn ltr il aby // tmrnn lbny bnwt, that the vocative takes the genitive case, at least when preceded by l (see Greenstein, “On a New Grammar of Ugaritic,” IOS 18 (1979), 414). Despite the genitive form aby, it is not certain that one should generalize to all vocative forms. This suggestion also seems to assume that the vocative particle behaves identically to the preposition l-. It seems, rather, that the vocative mark would be similar to the Akkadian luœ.

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A Primer on Ugaritic: Language, Culture and Literature by William M. Schniedewind


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