Download e-book for kindle: A Philosophy of Political Myth by Chiara Bottici

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By Chiara Bottici

ISBN-10: 0521876559

ISBN-13: 9780521876551

During this ebook, Chiara Bottici argues for a philosophical figuring out of political fantasy. Bottici exhibits that fable is a procedure, certainly one of non-stop paintings on a uncomplicated narrative trend that responds to a necessity for value. people desire that means so that it will grasp the realm they reside in, yet additionally they desire value so as to dwell in an international that's much less detached to them. this can be relatively precise within the realm of politics. Political myths are narratives by which we orient ourselves, and act and think approximately our political global. Bottici exhibits that during order to return to phrases with modern phenomena, akin to the conflict among civilizations, we want a Copernican revolution in political philosophy. If we wish to keep cause, we have to examine it from the perspective of fable.

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Even for the sophists the old tales (mythoi) were part of a reservoir of traditional material to which they themselves did not disdain to make recourse in their art of constructing discourses. P1: SBT 0521876559c01 CUNY769/Bottici 0 521 87655 9 30 May 12, 2007 22:16 I A Genealogy of Myth According to Plato’s testimony, learning to express one’s arguments in the form of the logos and the mythos was part of the basic training in the rhetorical-dialectical curriculum: on the one hand, there was the demonstration of truth based on rational argumentation, and, on the other, its narration through figurative expressions.

1–32). The archaic world of Hesiod was no longer the world of Plato and Aristotle. These latter still conceived of aletheia as the result of a process, but the road to it was no longer shown by the Muses. In Plato’s dialogues, aletheia is the result of the dialogue of the soul with itself (Thaet. 189e–190a; Sophis. 263a, 264b). Plato states that the discourse that speaks of things as they are is true (alethes), whereas the discourse that speaks of things as they are not is false (Crat. 385b). Similarly, according to Aristotle, “the false” negates what is and affirms what is not, whereas the alethes affirms what is and negates what is not (Met.

As a consequence, far from associating myth with untrue speech, Aristotle places it close to philosophy, since he attributes to it a capacity to catch the universal that is superior to that of history. Indeed, for Aristotle, given that the historian has to deal with the particular, that is, with unrelated and dispersed facts, the historian is further from the truth than the poets. While the historian tells facts as they happened, the poet tells them as “they could have happened according to likelihood and necessity” (kata to eikos e to anagkaion) (1451b).

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A Philosophy of Political Myth by Chiara Bottici

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