By Jean-Jacques Lecercle
The aim of this booklet is to offer an actual aspiring to the formulation. English is the language of imperialism. realizing that assertion comprises a critique of the dominant perspectives of language, either within the box of linguistics (the ebook has a bankruptcy criticising Chomsky's examine programme) and of the philosophy of language (the publication has a bankruptcy assessing Habermas's philosophy of communicative action). The booklet goals at developing a Marxist philosophy of language, embodying a view of language as a social, old, fabric and political phenomenon. in view that there hasn't ever been a powerful culture of brooding about language in Marxism, the booklet presents an outline of the query of Marxism in language (from Stalin's pamphlet to Volosinov ebook, taking in an essay via Pasolini), and it seeks to build a few options for a Marxist philosophy of language. The e-book belongs to the culture of Marxist critique of dominant ideologies. it may be really helpful to people who, within the fields of language learn, literature and communique stories, have made up our minds that language isn't only an software of communique.
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Extra resources for A Marxist Philosophy of Language
Critique of Linguistics • 27 However, this is not exactly true. For Chomsky naturally constructs his Ilanguage on the basis of phenomena that interest me. So, at least in part, we are seeking to explain the same phenomena, even if we are not seeking the explanation in the same place or in the same theoretical language. My second example will bring this out clearly. It comes at the end of the entry on ‘Language’ in The Oxford Companion to the Mind, when Chomsky moves from the abstract description of his theory to its empirical justiﬁcation by means of an example.
But the linguistic facts do not match this prediction, as the following sentences show: (11) Each candidate wanted the other to win. (12) Each candidate wished that the other might win. According to Chomskyan principles, the ﬁrst of these sentences is typically grammatical, but the second should not be. And, if we turn to French, the difference is still greater, for French invariably neutralises the difference between reciprocal and reﬂexive, leaving it to the context to enable the listener to understand the sentence: (13) Ils se regardaient [they looked at themselves/each other].
In a sense, Chomsky is not mistaken on this point – but for reasons that he would probably not accept. As we saw in the introduction, ‘English’ is a cultural and political construct embodied in institutions (schools, the media, international institutions). In reality, ‘standard English’ is a dialect (equipped with an army) and ‘English’ denotes a multiplicity of registers and dialects, which are possibly well on the way to diverging from one another, as attested by the great variety of ‘New Englishes’.
A Marxist Philosophy of Language by Jean-Jacques Lecercle