New PDF release: A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades,

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By Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard

ISBN-10: 0299048446

ISBN-13: 9780299048440

The six volumes of A historical past of the Crusades will stand because the definitive background of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the historical past, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval international.  

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Extra info for A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, 1189-1311 (History of the Crusades (University of Wisconsin Press))

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In return for a pledge of support, Anacletus granted Roger in hereditary right the title and dignity of king of Sicily and of Calabria and Apulia (often summed up as "Italy"). , I), pp. sos-so6. aide's marriage, see H. storia Hierosolymitana (Heidelberg, I9IJ), pp. 576-577· Compare R. Rohricht, Geschichte des Konigreidzs Jerusalem {Innsbruck, 1898), pp. 103, 113, 118; Runciman, Crusadu, II, I0~-105; and volume I of the present work, chapter XII, pp. 406-407; also E. " 7 Although the title was later changed to emphasize the original divisions of Norman Italy, and the papal right to the investiture of each of them (regnum Siciii4e, ducatus Apuiiae, et principatus Capuae), Christmas day of r I 30 foreshadows the later kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

Theseider, ""Su gli inlti dello stanziamento ciste~<:iense ncl "'gno di Sicilia," Studi mtditvali in onort di A. dt Stifano, pp. •07-209. Pettr of Cluny, on the other band, claimed to have always been on Roger's side. See Pttri Ptntrabilit epis:tow rum libri srx, III, 3 (PL, CLXXXI X), cols. z8o- >81j CMpar, Roger II, Regeatcn, no. "5· Ch. 14 Nevertheless, the assumed French-Sicilian friendship seriously hampered cooperation between the Byzantines and the French, once the crusaders had entered Greek territory, a matter of some advantage to Roger of Sicily.

If Louis should accept, prospects would be brighter still. Roger could then move onto the stage of European politics as ally and comrade-in-arms of the king of F rance, and could use his influence to prevent the French from becoming the allies of the Byzantines. Finally, if Roger, or one of his sons, should join the crusade, he would be entitled to a share of the spoils. M ost historians believe he had his eye on Antioch ; but the crusade, it must be remembered, was launched to bring aid to Raymond of Antioch, who was the uncle of Louis's queen, Eleanor of Aquitaine.

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A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, 1189-1311 (History of the Crusades (University of Wisconsin Press)) by Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff, Harry W. Hazard


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