By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard
The six volumes of A heritage of the Crusades will stand because the definitive background of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the historical past, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global
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Additional info for A History of the Crusades, Vol. 3: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries
1 The 'ideologies o f the mountain' a re s p e c ific a lly id e o lo g ies o f the Maronite community. 4 Th e idea which emerged earliest was that o f a com pact com m unity, the M aronite church, living by itself under its own h ierarch y, p rotectin g it s e lf fro m attack by the Muslim rulers o f the c itie s and plains, and a lso against the more insidious attacks of Jacobites and other 'h e r e t i c s '. T h is idea is al ready present in the histories o f the P a tria r c h Istifa n Duwaihi in the seventeenth century, and form s a perm anent strand in M aronite selfSgnsciousness.
With this the system of economic and political arrangements institutionalised inside Grand Liban faced their greatest challenge. * A rare example o f such a confrontation occurred after the end of the Chehabist period when in September 1971 an attempt to raise customs duties on a whole range o f imported goods was brought to an end by a ten day strike of Beirut merchants and shopkeepers. The Finance Minister, Elias Saba, had originally justified the increase in terms of the need to spend more money on economic and social development.
It m ay be how e v e r, that the discussions which led to the book, and oth ers lik e them, (concentrated too much on one problem , that o f the balance between ^religious communities, and failed to g iv e due im p ortan ce to other fact o r s which have helped to determine the ways in which the system works /and lim it the extent to which it is self-su staining and can find its own ‘equilibrium. Not enough emphasis was la id , fo r exam ple, on the smallness and fragility of Lebanon; it was c le a r fro m the tim e of the National Pact, or at least from that o f the c iv il w a r o f 1958, that Lebanon could not easily follow a policy opposed to that o f its Arab neighbours, in regard to the problem o f Is r a e l, o r that o f relations with the great Powers, but it was not so c le a r that the surrounding states would have an interest in making use o f any kind o f inner fra g mentation for their own purposes.
A History of the Crusades, Vol. 3: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries by Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard