By Jan Sihar Aritonang, Karel Steenbrink
Indonesia is the house of the most important unmarried Muslim group of the realm. Its Christian group, approximately 10 in line with cent of the inhabitants, has formerly acquired no total description in English. via cooperation of 26 Indonesian and ecu students, Protestants and Catholics, a large and balanced photograph is given of its 24 million Christians. This e-book sketches the expansion of Christianity throughout the Portuguese interval (1511-1605), it offers a good account of advancements less than the Dutch colonial management (1605-1942) and is extra intricate for the duration of the Indonesian Republic (since 1945). It emphasizes the nearby modifications during this large kingdom, simply because such a lot Christians reside outdoors the most island of Java. Muslim-Christian family, in addition to the tensions among overseas missionaries and native theology, obtain specific cognizance.
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Extra resources for A History of Christianity in Indonesia (Studies in Christian Mission)
And it is also clear that the Portuguese had almost no chance to spread Christianity, excepting in Malacca where the Portuguese were able to put down some trace of Christianity. More than that, the Portuguese fairly soon ceased to be such a revolutionary force in the west of the archipelago; and it is also evident that they failed to control the Asian trade. This is because they simply had to spend all their available resources to defend themselves from the formidable Acehnese attacks. While on the other hand for the Acehnese Muslims, supported by Islamic international connections, the continued encroachment of the Portuguese had only led to further consolidation of Islam.
Again, in 1559, the Portuguese failed to intercept and capture Acehnese ships in the Red Sea. 20 The Portuguese terror in the Indian Ocean had come to the attention of, and became a matter of concern for, the Ottoman sultans. There is little doubt that Malay-Indonesian rulers, especially the Acehnese, were well aware of the strong naval power of the Ottomans and its increasingly predominant position in the trade of the Indian Ocean in the sixteenth century. Not only that, but also, given the fact that the Ottomans were co-religionists of the Muslim Acehnese, it can reasonably be expected that they saw the Ottomans as their patrons.
Pigafetta, Antonio 1969 Magellan’s voyage; a narrative account of the first circumnavigation. Vol. I. A. ]: Yale University Press. 37 38 39 De Graaf 1970:135–136. Meilink-Roelofsz 1962:155. Reid 1993:143–50. 1530–1670: a race between islam and christianity? 21 Pinto, Mendes 1989 The Travels of Mendes Pinto. translated & ed. Rebecca D. Catz. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. al-Raniri, Nur al-Din 1966 Bustan al-Salatin. Bab II fasal 13. ed. T. Iskandar. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
A History of Christianity in Indonesia (Studies in Christian Mission) by Jan Sihar Aritonang, Karel Steenbrink