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ISBN-10: 1405111976

ISBN-13: 9781405111973

This Companion offers an authoritative survey of the complete diversity of Kant’s paintings, giving readers an concept of its enormous scope, its outstanding success, and its carrying on with skill to generate philosophical curiosity. * Written through a world solid of students * Covers all of the significant works of the serious philosophy, in addition to the pre-critical works * topics coated diversity from arithmetic and philosophy of technology, via epistemology and metaphysics, to ethical and political philosophy

Part of the Blackwell partners to Philosophy sequence.

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Extra info for A Companion to Kant (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy)

Sample text

The Kants were financially dependent on others, and Immanuel’s support was taken care of. A maternal uncle, known only by his last name, Richter, had been paying the tuition. Even after Kant left town, Uncle Richter kept supporting the scholarly progress of his nephew. He paid for the printing of Living Forces in 1749 and financed Kant’s second book, Universal Natural History, in 1755. Since this benefactor could apparently be counted on for academically related expenses, even for those incurred after the dropout, it seems unlikely that financial reasons forced Kant to leave school.

Another of Kant’s friends was the mayor of Königsberg, Theodor Gottlieb von Hippel (1741–96), through whose help and influence he was able to purchase the house in Prinzessinstraße where he lived out his later years. Hippel was a remarkable man. He was not only active politically, but also intellectually. He was a learned and intelligent man, the author of whimsical, satirical plays and novels in the style of Laurence Sterne. He also wrote progressive political treatises defending the civil equality of Jews, and argued for a quite radical position on the social status of women, advocating the reform of marriage to ensure their equality with men in all spheres of life.

He argued that the normative thrust of moral action toward the good in the sphere of humans parallels the energetic thrust of natural processes toward harmony in the evolving cosmos. When he found the same view in the Confucian classics, he announced a match between his insights and those of Confucius (1721). Now the Christians had had enough. They went on the warpath, which resulted in a purge and Wolff ’s exile. The implications of dynamics were subversive. They were pagan threats in need of suppression.

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